Upper Bavaria

Marienplatz, Munich
An absolute must for any city break to Munich is the Marienplatz in the pedestrian zone. The Glockenspiel with its 43 chimes offers a spectacle for tourists from around the world every day at 11 o’clock and noon, and at 5 o’clock during the summer months. It is housed in the façade of the new town hall. At Christmas time you can visit the Christmas market here.

Zugspitze mountain
With 500,000 visitors every year, this ranks as the third most significant sight in Bavaria. The Zugspitze is 2,962 metres, making it Germany’s highest mountain. Visitors can choose from three cable cars to reach the peak quickly and comfortably and enjoy the view.

Lower Bavaria

Passau: The city of three rivers
The rivers Danube, Inn and Ilz flow together to wash the shores of this ‘city of three rivers’. Its backdrop of high towers, picturesque squares, romantic promenades and crooked alleyways was created by Italian Baroque masters three centuries ago. Its hills offer views over the entire city and the surrounding area.

Landshut, Trausnitz castle
This castle, built in the early 13th century, stands high above Landshut and can be seen from far and wide. It was initially a dukes’ residence and was finally used as a prison for noble prisoners. In the mid-18th century it housed a wool and silk factory. Visitors today can take a tour through the mediaeval halls and the famous fools’ staircase adorned with paintings of scenes from the Italian Commedia dell’arte. The finale of the tour is the view over the city.

Upper Palatinate

The historic city centre of Regensburg has been named a UNESCO world heritage site. The historic city centre is the prime example of a European mediaeval trade centre. The urban structures reflect 2,000 years of architectural continuity and include Roman, Romanic and Gothic elements. Buildings dating back to the 11th to 13th century still define the cityscape, which is made up of dark, narrow alleyways, a strong fortification, towers plus a large number of churches and monasteries, as well as a 12th century stone bridge.

In the memorial site of Walhalla in Donaustauf (10 km east of Regensburg), the marble busts of famous personalities have been honoured since 1842, as commissioned by Ludwig I. It is still possible to see people who made particular achievements and were immortalised here forever: personalities from more modern times such as Albert Einstein, Konrad Adenauer and Sophie Scholl stand side-by-side with personalities from earlier periods, such as Henry I.

Upper Franconia

Bamberg cathedral
With its four towers, the cathedral is probably the most impressive building in the historic city centre of Bamberg, which is a listed UNESCO world heritage site. The cathedral is part of this site and houses the only papal grave north of the Alps and the grave of King Henry II. It is also possible to visit this impressive building, measuring almost 100 m in length and 30 m in width, with towers standing 75 m high and a history spanning 1,000 years.

Bamberg New Residence and Rose Garden
The New Residence of the Bamberg bishop princes was built starting 1613. In more than 40 magnificent rooms, sumptuous stucco ceilings, furniture and rugs from the 17th and 18th century can be admired.

The rose garden, a Baroque garden where around 4,500 rose bushes come into bloom during the summer months, is located at the rear of the New Residence.

Central Franconia

Nuremberg and the Nuremberg Christkindlmarkt
Nuremberg is the second largest city of Bavaria and also the capital of Franconia. Nuremberg became famous beyond the Bavarian border mostly due to the Nuremberg trials. A visit to the mediaeval city centre at Christmas time is particularly worth a try, when 200 wooden stalls are set up for the world-famous ‘Christkindlmarkt’ or Christmas market, offering Christmas delicacies and gifts.

Kaiserburg Nuremberg - Imperial Castle of Nuremberg
With its museums, promenade and exclusive boutiques, mixed with modern and mediaeval buildings, the historic city centre of Nuremberg has a unique flair. The landmark of the city soars high above: the Kaiserburg. Built in the early 11th century, after being damaged in World War II, the fortification of Nuremberg was rebuilt to restore its historical contours and is open to visitors.

Lower Franconia

Würzburg Residence
One of the most consistent and extraordinary Baroque palaces in Europe, the Würzburg Residence, with its magnificent court garden and square, was included in the UNESCO list of world heritage sites in 1981. The Würzburg Residence, which consists of three wings with over 300 Baroque and Rococo halls, was built between 1720 and 1744. The palace was once the residence of powerful bishop princes. The extensive, beautifully laid out court garden of the Würzburg Residence offers a place where visitors can relax, take a stroll or simply cool off in the beergarden after all the sightseeing.

Historic city centre of Rothenburg ob der Tauber
The very well preserved mediaeval historic city centre of Rothenburg ob der Tauber is one of the most significant sights of Bavaria. The winding alleyways lined with historical buildings entice more than two million visitors every year.




Augsburg town hall
All visitors will be impressed by the Renaissance landmark of the city of Augsburg. After renovation work was carried out in 1985 – to celebrate Augsburg’s 2,000 year jubilee – it is possible today to visit different exhibitions on historical topics. A trip to Augsburg cannot go without a visit to the ‘Golden Hall’ in Augsburg town hall.

The Fuggerei area was founded in 1521 by Jakob Fugger the Rich (Jakob Fugger dem Reichen) as a housing complex for needy Augsburg citizens. It is the oldest existing social housing project in the world. The annual (basic) rent for a flat in the Fuggerei is still to this day equal to the nominal value of one Rheinischer Gulden (currently 0.88 euros), as well as three daily prayers for the founder and his family. 

Places of interest

Neuschwanstein Castle 
Neuschwanstein Castle, role model for the fairytale castle itself, built for King Ludwig II between 1869 and 1886 on a rugged cliff against a scenic mountain backdrop, was intended to “embody the true spirit of the mediaeval German castle”, as the king wrote in a letter to Richard Wagner, the famous German composer. The topping-out ceremony for the palace was not until 1880, and the king moved in 1884. When Ludwig II died in 1886, the “New Castle” was still not complete.